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Is a new era dawning for women in politics?

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25.04.2019

KYOTO - Japan is known for its low rates of female participation in politics and ranks poorly internationally. However, there are some positive trends afoot, with the recent unified nationwide series of local elections seeing the largest number of female assembly and mayoral candidates being elected ever.

The second and final round of the unified elections, held every four years, took place April 21. In addition to the more than 200 mayoral contests (including many that were uncontested), assembly elections took place in 283 cities, 282 towns and villages, and 20 wards in Tokyo (excluding 11 cities and 93 towns and villages in which seats were uncontested).

The proportion of female candidates running for assembly seats reached 17.3 percent in cities and 12.1 percent in towns and villages, a record high. Out of 6,724 candidates chosen in assembly contests across 41 prefectures, 1,239 females were elected. This number (representing 18.4 percent) was a record high (2.3 percentage points higher than in 2015). The winning rate of these candidates was 88.9 percent, some 5.5 points higher than the rate when male and females are considered together.

This is good news for those, such as this writer, who would like to see more diversity, including women, in the respective assemblies, but these numbers are far from high or internationally respectable.

In particular, Japan ranks the lowest among industrial nations. The World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report has witnessed Japan’s ranking decline annually over the years. In the latest edition from 2017, Japan dropped to 114th place overall of the 144 countries surveyed.........

© The Japan Times