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Lok Sabha 2019: Why India intrinsically votes for coalitions

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16.03.2019

“Maha-Milavat (grand adulteration),” that’s how India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi contemptuously disregards his political opponents as they work towards coalescing into a formidable united force comprising of several national and state parties.

The irony is palpable. Modi’s own National Democratic Alliance (NDA), where the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is the dominant majority partner, comprises over 40 alliance partners, albeit that has dwindled as India approaches its General Elections of 2019 in a few weeks, commencing April 11.

The National Democratic Alliance government was a coalition of over 40 parties. (Source: India Today)

The comprehensive defeat of the BJP in the state elections of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan by the Congress has clearly upended calculations of those who were assuming that Modi would luxuriously cruise home, courtesy his flamboyant histrionics, often bizarre claims and muscular grandstanding.

It is not happening.

Thus, the BJP has curated a seemingly twisted narrative which seems to me inherently hypocritical (as Modi and BJP chief Amit Shah are doing exactly the same themselves, huddling up political partners) by rubbishing coalitions as being 'unstable' and self-serving. Arun Jaitley, former Finance Minister, about whom I wonder whether he has perhaps found an alternate career as a blogger, called the emerging Mahagathbandhan “chaos”. The apocalyptic rhetoric is deliberate — it is meant to scare. But he is wrong.

Here is why.

A look at the popular verdicts in several General Elections tells an interesting story of India’s federal structure, comprising of its various states (currently 29) and its voting patterns.

Let me put it straight — India has invariably involuntarily........

© DailyO