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So Turkey joins Putin-Trump deal on Syria

23 8 3

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin held their sixth in person meeting on Nov. 13 in Sochi, in an obvious indication of close cooperation and dialogue between the two countries since ties had been repaired in mid-2016.

Since then, there have been two main dossiers in front of Erdoğan and Putin: Normalization of bilateral ties and cooperation in the Syrian theater. Both processes have produced concrete results. Russia has lifted almost all trade and tourism restrictions on Turkey, which allowed for the return of millions of Russian tourists to Turkish resorts and normalized bilateral trade, including agricultural products.

On Syria, only after receiving Russia’s green light, Turkey could clear its borders from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) through the Euphrates Shield Operation and two countries cooperated for the removal of the siege in Aleppo in late 2016. The latter paved the way for the creation of the Astana Process—with the participation of Iran as well—in a bid to secure and expand the scope of truce between the Syrian regime and the oppositional groups.

Turkey, Russia and Iran have recently begun the implementation of what they call de-escalation zones in four different regions inside the country in a bid to cement the ceasefire and therefore be........

© Hürriyet Daily News