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Jewish community shaped by Inquisition opens Portugal’s first Holocaust museum

17 11 9
22.01.2021

JTA — Portugal has opened its first Holocaust museum, built in the northern city of Porto by members of a Jewish community that was founded by descendants of victims of the Inquisition.

The Holocaust Museum of Porto was developed in cooperation with the Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center in Moscow and other institutions. It opened on January 20, the Jewish Community of Oporto, an organization representing local Jews, said in a statement. It expects to receive 10,000 visitors a year when emergency restrictions connected to the COVID-19 pandemic are lifted.

On January 27, International Holocaust Remembrance Day, students from across Portugal will visit the museum, the statement said.

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The museum features a reproduction of Auschwitz prisoner barracks, a memorial room with walls carrying the names of Holocaust victims and a study center.

The Inquisition, a campaign of religious persecution on the Iberian Peninsula that began in Spain in 1492, was applied also in Portugal in 1536. It ended Jewish life in Porto and across the region as hundreds of thousands of Sephardic Jews fled both countries. Those who remained practiced Judaism in secret. Their descendants are known as........

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