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The Abraham Accords — A Triumph of Diplomacy

14 1 22

This week marked the first anniversary of the Abraham Accords which, in my view, are biggest step towards peace that Israel has made since 1980. There are two basic diplomatic principles that Israel followed which brought them into being. I elaborate on this below, but first some background is necessary.

From the day that Israel became a state in 1948 until the end of the Yom Kippur war in 1973, peace for Israel meant peace with the countries that surrounded it. Over and over again Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, and, to a lesser extent, Lebanon attacked it with the intention of wiping Israel off the face of the earth. Israel’s response, really the only one it could make, was to build armed forces strong enough to be able to defend itself. It succeeded beyond its wildest dreams. It won the 1967 war in six days. After some initial losses, it won the 1973 war as well. Egypt agreed to stop the fighting in that war only after Israel’s Ariel Sharon and his tanks had crossed the Suez canal and were bearing down on Cairo unopposed.

It was in that context that Anwar Sadat, whose Egyptian forces had now been beaten by Israel in 1948, 1967, and 1973, came to Jerusalem with an offer of peace. That led to the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel which was signed in 1980. In 1994, Jordan, which had also been defeated in the 1967 and 1973 wars, entered into a peace treaty with Israel. Those treaties have provided Israel, Jordan, and Egypt with peace among them now for decades.


© The Times of Israel (Blogs)

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