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Kashmir will be paradise on earth again

23 2 0
By Vishnu Prakash

"If there is a paradise on earth; It is this, it is this, it is this" ― Amir Khusrau, an iconic Indian mystical musician, poet and scholar, thus dedicated a paean to Kashmir in the 13th century.

Little did he know that the guileful British would sow seeds of discord in the paradise by partitioning India before quitting in 1947. Freedom also resulted in bloodshed and amputation of India.

Under the Indian Independence Act, 1947 Muslim majority regions devolved to Pakistan provided they were geographically contiguous. The princely states were given the choice to accede to India or Pakistan.

Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), one such princely state, was ruled by a Hindu ― Maharaja Hari Singh. A majority of its population was Muslim. The ruler wanting independence (which was not on offer) vacillated. In order to force his hand, an impatient Pakistani establishment sent armed raiders (Afridi tribesmen and army regulars) to occupy the state by force.

Alarmed, the Maharaja sought India's military assistance, but was asked to first exercise his choice. He decided to accede formally to India on October 26, 1947.

The Instrument of Accession was accepted by Governor General Lord Mountbatten, an appointee of the British crown. Indian troops were flown into the theater and began to get the occupation vacated. That did not suit the British game plan, which preferred the issue to hang fire, in the hope of retaining a mediatory role on the Indian subcontinent.

Mountbatten persuaded Prime Minister Nehru to take the matter to the U.N. Security Council (UNSC) in 1948, instead of completely........

© The Korea Times