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Power, sit-ins and nuclear weapons in Germany

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06.08.2020

By Marc Herbermann

Germany is officially a non-nuclear-weapon state. Every German government has so far renounced the nuclear armament of the Federal Armed Forces. The country acceded to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) on May 2, 1975. Since then, however, Germany has not fully complied with this treaty.

Article 2 prohibits non-nuclear-weapon states to receive the transfer of nuclear weapons and their direct or indirect control. The Peace Research Institute Frankfurt assumes that in the small town of Buchel in Rhineland-Palatinate, there are about 20 B61 hydrogen bombs of different variants.

In a severe military situation, Americans would activate these bombs and the Germans would fly them to their targets. In NATO jargon this is called "nuclear sharing."

But the American cold war nuclear weapons stationed in Germany have become outdated. They are supposed to be replaced by the B61-12 in the next few years. Whereas the currently bunkered bombs are simply dropped from a plane, the B61-12 has a tail kit, which can guide it once released.

According to Hans Kristensen, director of the Nuclear Information Project in Washington, its yield ranges from 0.3 to 50 kilotons, which is much lower compared to the yield of its early predecessors. This........

© The Korea Times


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