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After liberal international order

27 0 2

By Joseph S. Nye, Jr.

CAMBRIDGE ― Many analysts argue that the liberal international order ended with the rise of China and the election of U.S. President Donald Trump. But if Joe Biden defeats Trump in November's election, should he try to revive it? Probably not, but he must replace it.

Critics correctly point out that the American order after 1945 was neither global nor always very liberal. It left out more than half the world (the Soviet bloc and China) and included many authoritarian states. American hegemony was always exaggerated. Nonetheless, the most powerful country must lead in creating global public goods, or they will not be provided ― and Americans will suffer.

The current pandemic is a case in point. A realistic goal for a Biden administration should be to establish rules-based international institutions with different membership for different issues.

Would China and Russia agree to participate? During the 1990s and 2000s, neither could balance American power, and the United States overrode sovereignty in pursuit of liberal values. The U.S. bombed Serbia and invaded Iraq without approval by the United Nations Security Council. It also supported a U.N. General Assembly resolution in 2005 that established a "Responsibility to Protect" citizens brutalized by their own governments ― a doctrine it then used in 2011 to justify bombing Libya to protect the citizens of Benghazi.

Critics describe this record as post-Cold War American hubris ― Russia and China felt deceived, for example, when the NATO-led intervention in Libya resulted in regime change ― whereas defenders........

© The Korea Times

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