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Russian-Indian Relations amid the “Radical Transformation of the World Order”

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The visit of the Russian President Vladimir Putin to India scheduled for December 6, is poised to become a significant event which will undoubtedly have a serious impact not only on the development of the bilateral relations, but also on the ongoing “radical transformation of the world order.”

Such an assessment of the upcoming trip of the Russian leader is underpinned by quite obvious reasons. The author would like also to highlight that India has been gradually moving to join a narrow pool of leading world powers since, as it seems, the end of the Cold War.

It was then, in the early 1990s, that India found itself in a totally different environment. The Soviet Union, India’s former go-to partner, collapsed almost instantly while its successor Russia engaged in “returning to the civilized path of development” and started to “integrate into Europe.” This chain of events put the nation on the verge on self-destruction.

Watching (ostensibly, with great dismay) its former key ally as well as neighboring burgeoning China (that has become the main partner of hostile Pakistan), India, after some hesitation, found no other way but to pivot to the US, its strategic Cold War rival. All this led to quite a positive response starting in the early 2000s, which resulted, in particular, in the visit of the US president Bill Clinton to India in March 2000.

In the next twenty years, the US-Indian rapprochement, with some fluctuations, (due to the partisan reshuffles in the Indian government) generally developed in an upward direction. The current high-level relations are confirmed by the fact that India and the US are parts of two “quadruple” interstate structures. The first one (QUAD-1) also includes Japan and Australia, while the second one comprises Israel and United Arab Emirates. Both of them, but especially the first one, are quite obviously anti-Chinese in nature.

It is worth noting, however, that India has not refused to mend ties with Russia that had previously collapsed. It is to India that........

© New Eastern Outlook

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