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Will Mohamed Ali’s document bring change to Egypt?

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On 28 December, contractor Mohamed Ali (or son of the army, as he calls himself), released a document, which he said the entire spectrum of the Egyptian political opposition in the diaspora had participated in formulating. Some supported the document while others rejected it, but they all supported his call for a revolution on 25 January against the coup-led government in Egypt, in which the political forces rally around Mohamed Ali’s call as a face for the opposition army, and not as a leader of the revolution.

Mohamed Ali’s document contained some clauses in the 2012 constitution, as it contained key points on justice, rule of law, strengthening citizenship rights, and respecting human rights. It also mentioned the freedom to establish and manage political parties and NGOs, re-structuring the state’s relationship with all religious institutions, activating women’s participation, transitional justice as a guarantee for achieving societal reconciliation, preserving full national independence and rejecting subordination and dependency.

For support of his document, Ali relied on two factors, the first of which was the Muslim Brotherhood’s approval of his initiative, after he tried to ignore the group during the 20 September movement. The Brotherhood did not participate, so he adjusted his path and contacted it to receive its support. The second factor is the affirmation of the secularism of the state, which he expressed with the term “civil” to avoid a confrontation with the public regarding the content. The Muslim Brotherhood agreed with the concept of a civil state in their Islamic sense, because........

© Middle East Monitor