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Remembering the Israeli withdrawal from south Lebanon

11 9 0

On this day in 1978, Israeli military forces finally withdrew from Lebanon three months after their invasion of southern Lebanon in an effort to hunt down and eliminate the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO). It was essentially an extension of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict spread into neighbouring borders, drawing in multiple other players and forming the catalyst for future incursions into Lebanese territory.

What: Israeli military withdrawal from southern Lebanon

When: 13 June 1978

Where: Southern Lebanon

On the night of 14 March 1978, the Israeli military launched a major invasion of southern Lebanon after the death of around 30 Israelis in an attack which took place two days earlier on the coast of Israel from the city of Haifa to Tel Aviv. Responsibility for the attack was claimed by Fatah, which was based in south Lebanon after its expulsion from Jordan in 1970.

Despite the invasion being widely regarded as retaliation for the raid into Israel, it was more broadly conducted with the goal of eradicating the bases of the Palestinian resistance groups in the region and to establish a security zone extending around six miles into Lebanese territory, as was asserted by Israeli spokesmen the following day. Later that same day, Israeli Defence Minister Ezer Weizman announced at a press conference that the operation was launched “to clear this infested area once and for all” and warned that Israel would continue to occupy the area until it was sure that the PLO could no longer........

© Middle East Monitor