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Even successful nuclear talks will see US and Israel fighting Iran and proxies

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After a break of nearly five months, the five signatories to the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPA) nuclear agreement with Iran are talking again in an attempt to revive the deal. They face a number of challenges.

For a start, there is US insistence, backed by France, Britain and Germany, that it will only return to the JCPA if Iran commits itself to the restrictions it stipulated originally. However, Iran is rejecting this condition.

Instead, Tehran insists that the US should lift its sanctions imposed as a condition for Iran's return to compliance with the terms of the agreement, as well as a pledge from Washington not to leave the JCPA at a later date. In short, that the US should not to repeat the actions of former President Donald Trump, who withdrew America from the deal in 2018.

Moreover, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has expressed its concern that Iran's stockpile of 60 per cent enriched uranium amounts to 17.7 kilograms. It is also concerned about restrictions that hinder its inspectors' access to Iran's nuclear sites.

Israel, meanwhile, is putting pressure on the US not to revive the nuclear agreement. It threatens to attack Iran, which it believes is on the verge of becoming a nuclear-armed state. Israel, of course, has had nuclear weapons for decades, but does not allow IAEA inspectors anywhere near its nuclear facilities.

Finally, the commander of US Central Command, General Frank McKenzie, has warned that American forces are ready with a military option should the Vienna talks fail. He also claimed that Iran is very close to making a nuclear weapon and has already demonstrated that its long-range missiles are capable of striking targets accurately.

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© Middle East Monitor

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