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Remembering the Egypt-Israel peace treaty

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The Egypt-Israel peace treaty

In the aftermath of the Camp David accords in 1979, Israel and Egypt signed a peace treaty on the White House lawn, marking an end to decades of hostility between the two neighbours since Israel’s establishment in 1948. Forty years later, the treaty is still considered integral to Israel’s security, despite undermining the Palestinian struggle and overlooking the demands of the Egyptian people.

What: Egypt-Israel peace treaty

When: 26th March 1979

Where: The White House, Washington DC

What happened?

In 1977, in an unprecedented move for an Arab leader, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat visited Jerusalem seeking reconciliation after decades of conflict. The two countries had been officially at war since the establishment of Israel in 1948, and Israel had also occupied the Sinai Peninsula since the 1967 war. Sadat’s rapprochement with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin was motivated by the desire for a deal that would ensure a lasting peace.

Despite criticism from neighbouring Arab countries, in September 1978 the two leaders met again in the US for secret negotiations hosted by President Jimmy Carter at the presidential retreat, Camp David in Maryland. The first of these frameworks dealt with the Palestinian territories, stipulating that Egypt, Israel, and Jordan would agree on a method to establish an elected self-governing authority in the West Bank and Gaza and a transitional period of five years. However, the proposal was rejected by the UN for having been formulated........

© Middle East Monitor