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Military coups with a revolutionary flavour!

10 5 0

Yesterday, Egypt celebrated the 67th anniversary of the 23 July 1952 revolution, which changed the way of life, not only for the regime in Egypt but for the entire Arab world, as it marked the beginning of successful military coups in the Arab region. This is with the exception of Husni Al-Za’im’s coup in Syria in 1949, who was overthrown four months later by another coup staged by Sami Al-Henawi, who was executed, and this was followed by a third coup in the same year.

After the coup in July, there were several military coups in the region, backed by the US, as it is the mastermind for the military coups in the world and the exclusive supporter of them. It is credited with changing the regimes and leaders to create a new world loyal to it and to its liking. The US inherited the British Empire after WWII and wanted to control the Middle East with its men, appointed in Arab countries to protect its personal interests and achieve its colonial ambitions.

In his book “The Game Player”, CIA officer Miles Copeland said that the American intelligence provided secret assistance to Abdel Nasser and met with him three times, agreeing to spread the feeling amongst the Egyptians that their coup is not imposed by the English, Americans or the French. They allowed him to attack these countries in his speeches after the coup, in order for the cooperation between the US intelligence and the coup to remain silent.

One of the most famous military coups of the Cold War between America and Russia in the 1950s and 1960s, after the coup in Egypt, was the coup staged by Iraqi Defence Minister Abdul Karim Kassem in 1958, which ended the monarchy in Iraq. He was then overthrown and executed by the Baathists in 1963, and was succeeded by his close friend Abdul Salam Aref, who died after his plane crashed. His brother, Abdul Rahman Aref, took over, but was then ousted in another coup in 1968, known as the “White Revolution” in Iraq led by Ahmed Hassan Al-Bakr and his deputy, Saddam Hussein, who later turned on his uncle and ruled Iraq.

The train of military coups travelled to Yemen on 26 September 1962 when a group of army officers led by Abdullah Al-Saloul overthrew the royal imam of the country.

The train continued to Libya on 1 September 1969 when Muammar Gaddafi and a group of military officers overthrew King Idriss Al-Sinousi and forced him to abdicate. Gaddafi then crowned himself president of........

© Middle East Monitor