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In the Officers’ Republic of Egypt, only generals are honoured when they die

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In June 2019, Egypt’s first democratically elected civilian president, Mohamed Morsi, died in a cage in an open court session. He had been detained in solitary confinement for almost six years after he was forced from power in a bloody coup in 2013. Morsi ruled Egypt just for one year and he was sentenced to more than 45 years in prison. In detention, Morsi suffered from two diabetic comas and did not receive proper treatment. Although he demanded to be moved to a private hospital at his own expense, his calls were unheeded.

On Tuesday, Hosni Mubarak died in a military hospital; he was Egypt’s president for almost 30 years until the popular revolution in 2011. Mubarak had been sentenced to life in prison in 2012 for conspiring to murder 239 demonstrators during the 18-day uprising which ousted him. An appeals court ordered a retrial and the case against Mubarak and his senior officials was dropped. He was finally acquitted in 2017.

The current presidency in Egypt mourned Mubarak as a “military patriot and war hero” and has offered its condolences to his family. Mubarak, the former air force officer, will have a military funeral. Morsi, the civilian president, wasn’t given a decent funeral; just a few members of his family attended the burial.

READ: Egypt’s January Revolution is not just a memory

The Egyptian military establishment blatantly considers itself to be an autonomous entity, utterly detached from the executive power of the state which has, ironically, been headed by ex-generals for all but one of the past sixty years. The military establishment has adopted the same binary rhetoric throughout those decades: “It’s either us or tumult and external intervention.”........

© Middle East Monitor