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Slugfest about Simla Accord bilateralism

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Kashmir remains a disputed state, as admitted by India and Pakistan on all international forums. Even Simla Accord accepts the United Nations’ resolutions. Paragraph 1(i) of the Simla Agreement provides,`the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations shall govern the relations between the two countries’.

The United Nations’ Military Observers’ Groups created between 1949 and 1951 are still on duty on the line of actual control. They submit annual report to the UN’s secretary general. This report identifies Kashmir as an unresolved international problem.

Read More: Is Pakistan’s political map of disputed Jammu and Kashmir really an “absurdity”?

India’s obeisance to the UN

India never called upon the United Nations’ Commission on India and Pakistan to refer the matter to International Court of Justice. While the Security Council debated the Kashmir issue, India kept parroting, at home, abroad and in the Council, its commitment to whatever the Council decided. Simla accord

Till about 1953, India continued to reiterate its promise to hold a plebiscite. On November 2, 1947, Nehru declared in a radio broadcast that the government of India was “prepared, when peace and order have been established in Kashmir, to have a referendum held under international auspices like the United Nations.” (Chaudhri Mohammad Ali’s The Emergence of Pakista). Nehru, in a letter dated October 31, 1947, addressed to the disputed state’s prime minister, on the fourth day of `signing’ of the mythical accession instrument promised plebiscite.

The letter says ‘after consideration of the problem, we are inclined to think that it [plebiscite] should be held under United Nations’ auspices (p. 28 ibid.). He reiterated in New Delhi on November 3, 1951 that `we have made it perfectly clear before the Security Council that the Kashmir Constituent Assembly does not [insofar] as we are concerned come in the way of a decision by the Security Council, or the United Nations’(SWJ: Volume 4: page 292, Bhasin p.228).

Again, at a press conference on June 11, 1951, he was asked........

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