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The battlefield on your digital screens

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The evolution of information technology (IT) revolutionised the world of warfare in ways never imagined before. History tells us that conflicts are part and parcel of every new major invention made in the field of IT: the invention of printing press in the fifteenth century brought religious wars in Europe leading to the breakdown of the Holy Roman Empire. Radio, directly and indirectly, fueled World War II. Most recently, social media brought the Arab Spring to the Middle East, Russia’s annexation of the Crimea, and Donald Trump to the corridors of power. Interestingly, warfare which was a subject of nation-states is no longer confined to them, as social media brought the battlefield to individuals, organisations, institutions and groups. Today’s battlefield is no longer visible and defined and neither is it a matter between two adversaries. By bringing the battlefield to mobile screens, social media has completely changed the way wars are fought, analysed and reported. Social media warfare is a reality and it can no longer be ignored. Today it doesn’t matter if you are interested in war or not, war has already taken you in and now you are officially an actor in modern warfare.

The 20th century, which was a time of kinetic warfare, brought death and destruction to the whole world. But in its second half, lessons learned were used to establish an international order aiming to bring an end to bloody wars. The post-1945 security system posed restrictions on the use of force. The invention of the A-bomb — which meant total destruction — changed the attitude of states towards warfare and opened a new era of growth and prosperity facilitated by economic integration as a perk of........

© Daily Times