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How will AI change international politics?

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Another artificial intelligence-related exhibition will be held in Osaka next week. The second Kansai AI and Business Automation Fair features such AI-assisted services as robotic process automation-based labor saving and developing industrial robots with “deep learning” technologies. Here they go again.

This is the third AI boom in Japan. Unlike the first two booms in the 1950s and ’80s, however, this time seems to be real. Recent technological breakthrough in image recognition, deep learning and big-data processing capacity is making this happen. Unfortunately, in the case of Japan it only happens in the private sector.

As a political scientist specialized in national security strategies, I am not satisfied with such AI applications in Japan. While enormous amount of human and financial resources has been invested in other major nations on the studies of military applications of AI, Japanese AI experts, to my surprise, don’t seem to be interested.

More importantly, AI technologies will not only change military tactics but also alter national security strategies in the long run. This is the reason why last year I wrote a book titled, “AI and Neo-Geopolitics.” AI is not a simple military means or tactical weapon. It could be a game changer in international politics in the future.

How will the AI revolution, as I asked in the book, change global power politics? Let’s take the example of U.S.-China relations. From a geopolitical point of view, the history of China was that of competition among agricultural and nomadic land powers, and it is only recently that China became exposed to challenges by sea........

© The Japan Times