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Turkey’s outlook a year after the April 2017 referendum

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April 16 will mark one year since Turkey’s controversial referendum that resulted in a drastic change in the administrative system, from a parliamentary model to an executive presidency.

The “Yes” bloc composed of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) and the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) officially received 51.4 percent of the votes in the referendum, while the “No” bloc that included the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP), the Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP), the İYİ (Good) Party and the Felicity Party (SP) garnered 48.6 percent of the vote.

Although it is only due to be fully implemented after the November 2019 parliamentary election, the new model has already partially gone into practice, after President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was elected head of the AKP in early May 2017.

Throughout this period, the AKP government has continued to rule the country through decree laws under the state of emergency, while amending the Election Law and the Political Parties Law at parliament. Changes to the Election Law have sparked serious concerns over ballot box security, while amendments to the Political Parties Law have allowed the AKP and the MHP to form what they call........

© Hürriyet Daily News