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Defense and security cooperation in Europe

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Ever since the abortive European Defence Community of 1952 and the underperformed Western European Union of 1955, based on the Brussels Treaty of 1948, European states have tried several times to come up with a joint security and defense structure. Yet this seemingly shared desire was never transformed into a full-fledged military alliance, and only the end of the Cold War could finally pave the way for the creation of the Common Security and Defense Policy within the EU with the signing of the Lisbon Treaty in 2009, replacing the earlier European Security and Defense Policy, which was created by the 1999 Helsinki Summit.

Although the Lisbon Treaty set out a plan to create a permanent structured cooperation, both internal and international developments have undermined the materialization of it. Following growing tension with Russia after its annexation of Crimea in 2014 and its increased aggression near EU borders, several........

© Hürriyet Daily News